AEGEA: Applied Epistemology Research Group (Autonomous University of Madrid) has specialized in the last years in several fields of epistemology, understood in a broad way, as the systematic study of the practices of knowledge production and distribution. Its most significant lines of research include fundamental issues in epistemology (theory of virtues and epistemic normativity) and social epistemology, more specifically: testimony, group knowledge, the role of experts, argumentative practices at the public level, the epistemology of disagreement and deliberation, and group polarisation. the lines of research focused on different cultures of knowledge are equally interesting, which involve a study of the artisanal dimension of science, the role of instruments and artefacts in knowledge and the dependencies created in the interaction with artefactual resources, and the importance of standardization processes in scientific and technological contexts.
1) Virtue epistemology. The group has developed a research line within virtue epistemology and has dealt with questions related to epistemic fate, epistemic agency, rational authority and self-knowledge.
2) Social and political epistemology. The group has specialized in the epistemic value of the practice of testimony in different contexts and in problems related to social and group knowledge. It is also interested in the role of experts, group polarization, disagreement, deliberation, and related issues in social and political epistemology.
3) Theory of argumentation and reasoning. One of the group’s lines of research is centred on the systematic study, both descriptive and normative and from different perspectives (especially logic, rhetoric, and dialectics), of argumentative practices; i.e. practices that include constitutive communicative actions of giving, asking, receiving (critically), criticizing, debating, rebutting, granting and attending to reasons, and in which, in general, it is admitted, iteratively, to ask, give and discuss the reasons for the acceptance or rejection of other reasons.
4) Artefacts. One of the focuses of interest in recent years has been the ontology and epistemology of artefacts, and the role they play in epistemic practices. Issues around extended cognition and extended knowledge have come together with questions about the meaning and normativity of the artefactual world and epistemological questions about the practical knowledge of the makers and users.
5) Science and culture. The group is equally specialized in the relations between science and culture. It has studied different scientific and technical cultures from a historical and an institutional perspective, paying attention in recent years to artisanal cultures in science, the role of standards in scientific and technical contexts, and the relations between science and war.